Sunday, May 22, 2022, 3:00pm
At the door: $20
MOZART: Marriage of Figaro Overture
HAYDN: Keyboard Concerto in D major, Hob. XVIII:11
Un poco adagio
JULIA ZHENG, piano
TCHAIKOVSKY: Symphony No. 2 in C minor, Op. 17
Andante sostenuto — Allegro commodo
Scherzo. Allegro molto vivace
Finale. Moderato assai — Allegro vivo
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791) Austrian
Marriage of Figaro Overture (1786)
First Performance: May 1st, 1786, Burgtheatre, Vienna,
Imperial Italian Opera Company, Mozart conducting
An opera buffa in four acts, Figaro remains one of Mozart’s most popular and recognized pieces, in its opeartic form, arias and overture. The opera is based on Beaumarchais play of the same name, which was a successor to The Barber of Seville. Due to its controversial and provocative social undertones, Barber and Figaro had been banned by Emperor Joseph II. However, after librettist Da Ponte took his adaptive quill to paper and removed much of the inflammatory political undertones and turned speeches denouncing the aristocracy to denouncing unfaithful wives, the libretto made it past the imperial censors and Mozart composed perhaps his most famous operatic score.
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732 – 1809) Austrian
Keyboard Concerto in D major, Hob. XVIII:11 (1779/83)
First Performance: February 20th, 1780, private performance at a residence in Vienna,
Contemporary evidence suggests Fräulein Anna von Hartenstein was the soloist.
Concerto was written between 1779 and 1783, appearing in publication for the first time in 1794.
For a composer as prolific as Haydn in most musical genres of the classical era, his keyboard concertos are relatively few in number. While 14 have been attributed to Haydn, only three can be officially authenticated by musical historians, the D major being one of them. By this period, Haydn was an international celebrity and publishers scrambled to print his latest works. Perhaps aware of this, Haydn attempted in 1787 to sell the D major concerto as a “new” work to a London publisher, regardless of the fact that it was already in print in Europe and elsewhere in England!
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840 – 1893) Russian, LGBTQ+
Symphony No. 2 in C minor, Op. 17 “Ukraine” (also known as Little Russian) (1872)
First Performances: January 7th, 1873 at Rimsky-Korskakov’s House, St. Petersburg
Tchaikovsky at the piano playing the finale
Complete work with full symphony on February 7th, 1873, Moscow
Russian Musical Society, Nikolay Rubinstein, conductor
Revised in 1879/80
The symphony was colloquially known as “The Little Russian” which was a 1355 perjorative term for the geographic territory of modern day Ukraine. Since the independence of Ukraine from both the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, the term is now considered anachronistic and culturally insensitive. Therefore it is increasingly common to see the title “Ukraine ” in recognition of the three Ukrainian folk songs featured in the symphony. The first movement contains the folk song “Down by Mother Volga”, the second movement “Spin, Oh My Spinner” and the third (and most famous) “The Crane”